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dc.contributor.CRUESPUNIVERSIDADE DE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINASpt_BR
dc.typeArtigo de periódicopt_BR
dc.titleGuar Gum Effects On Food Intake, Blood Serum Lipids And Glucose Levels Of Wistar Rats.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorFrias, A Cpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorSgarbieri, V Cpt_BR
unicamp.authorA C Frias, University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and Institute of Food Technology, São Paulo, Brazil.pt_BR
unicamp.author.externalV C Sgarbieri,pt
dc.subjectAnimalspt_BR
dc.subjectBlood Glucosept_BR
dc.subjectCholesterolpt_BR
dc.subjectCholesterol, Hdlpt_BR
dc.subjectCholesterol, Ldlpt_BR
dc.subjectDietary Fiberpt_BR
dc.subjectEatingpt_BR
dc.subjectGalactanspt_BR
dc.subjectGastrointestinal Transitpt_BR
dc.subjectIntestine, Smallpt_BR
dc.subjectLipidspt_BR
dc.subjectMalept_BR
dc.subjectMannanspt_BR
dc.subjectPlant Gumspt_BR
dc.subjectRatspt_BR
dc.subjectRats, Wistarpt_BR
dc.subjectTriglyceridespt_BR
dc.description.abstractThe effects of guar gum derived from the endosperm of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (75% soluble fiber, 7.6% insoluble fiber, 2.16% crude protein, 0.78% total lipids, 0.54% ash and 9.55% moisture) on food intake, levels of blood serum cholesterol, triacylglycerols, glucose and LDL and HDL-cholesterol were studied. The effects of guar gum on indices of protein absorption and utilization were also investigated. Diets containing 0%, 10% and 20% (w/w) guar gum or 10% and 20% cellulose powder (reference) were fed to normal rats for 60 days. The rats fed the guar gum diets showed significantly (p < or = 0.05) lower levels of blood serum cholesterol, triacylglycerols, reduced food intake and body weight gain. Furthermore, a concomitant increase in HDL-cholesterol with a substantial elevation of the HDL/LDL cholesterol ratio were noted. Guar gum decreased blood serum glucose only during the first month of the experiment, and no changes in the indices of protein absorption and utilization were found. The guar gum caused a 10% increase in the small intestine length and a 25% retardation in the intestinal transit. The results of this research suggested that guar gum could potentially be effective in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and obesity in humans.en
dc.relation.ispartofPlant Foods For Human Nutrition (dordrecht, Netherlands)pt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviationPlant Foods Hum Nutrpt_BR
dc.date.issued1998pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationPlant Foods For Human Nutrition (dordrecht, Netherlands). v. 53, n. 1, p. 15-28, 1998.pt_BR
dc.language.isoengpt_BR
dc.description.volume53pt_BR
dc.description.firstpage15-28pt_BR
dc.rightsfechadopt_BR
dc.rights.holderpt_BR
dc.sourcePubMedpt_BR
dc.identifier.issn0921-9668pt_BR
dc.identifier.doipt_BR
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10890754pt_BR
dc.date.available2015-11-27T12:19:30Z-
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-27T12:19:30Z-
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2015-11-27T12:19:30Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 pmed_10890754.pdf: 99014 bytes, checksum: 5da7a8e6814465885bfce793b699b17e (MD5) Previous issue date: 1998en
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/194313-
dc.identifier.idPubmed10890754pt_BR
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