Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/194246
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Regulation Of Intracellular Calcium Homeostasis In Trypanosoma Cruzi. Effects Of Calmidazolium And Trifluoperazine.
Author: Vercesi, A E
Hoffmann, M E
Bernardes, C F
Docampo, R
Abstract: Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes maintained an intracellular free calcium concentration of about 0.15 microM, as measured with the fluorescent indicator Fura-2. The maintenance of low [Ca2+]i is energy-dependent since it is disrupted by KCN and FCCP. When the cells were permeabilized with digitonin, the steady-state free Ca2+ concentration in the absence of ATP was about 0.7 microM. The additional presence of ATP resulted in a steady-state level close to 0.1-0.2 microM which compares favorably with the concentration detected in intact cells. Intracellular Ca2+ uptake at high levels of free Ca2+ (greater than 1 microM) was due to energy-dependent mitochondrial uptake as indicated by its FCCP-sensitivity. However, as the free Ca2+ concentration was lowered from 1 microM, essentially all uptake was due to the ATP-dependent Ca2+ sequestration by the endoplasmic reticulum as indicated by its stimulation by ATP, and its inhibition by sodium vanadate. High concentrations of the calmodulin antagonist trifluoperazine, inhibited both the Ca2+ uptake by the endoplasmic reticulum and by the mitochondria, while calmidazolium released Ca2+ from both compartments. In addition, trifluoperazine and calmidazolium inhibited respiration and collapsed the mitochondrial membrane potential of T. cruzi, thus indicating non-specific effects unrelated to calmodulin.
Subject: Animals
Biological Transport
Calcium
Calmodulin
Cell Membrane Permeability
Cytosol
Homeostasis
Imidazoles
Membrane Potentials
Oxygen
Spectrometry, Fluorescence
Trifluoperazine
Trypanosoma Cruzi
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1893396
Date Issue: 1991
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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