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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Polymer Latex Stability Modification By Exposure To Hydrophobic Solvents.|
|Author:||de Oliveira Cardoso A,|
|Abstract:||The stability of latex particles toward coagulation in the presence of salt is modified by swelling the latex with toluene and chloroform vapors. Short-term stability was determined by turbidimetric titrations, and the long-term stability was evaluated by adding latex and salt solutions, allowing the mixture to age for 24 or 48 h and determining the characteristics of the supernatant and of the sediment. Nine different latexes were examined, with variable results: in some cases, both apolar solvents stabilize the latex; in other cases, increased stability is induced by only one of the solvents, either toluene or chloroform. There is also coherence, but not a strict correlation, between the solvent effects on short- and long-term stability. For instance, in the case of a core-and-shell styrene-butyl methacrylate latex, chloroform has a small stabilizing effect in the titration experiment, but it prevents the formation of a coagulated latex sediment even 48 h after mixing latex and salt. Two hypotheses are discussed to account for these observations: (i) swelling solvents decrease the particles ability to dissipate the collision kinetic energy, so that particles collide but without joining each other; (ii) the solvents induce the release of trapped charged groups from the particle interior to the interface, enhancing the usual (electrostatic, steric, hydration) stability factors. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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