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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cross-cultural Differences In Children's Concepts Of Health And Illness.
Author: Boruchovitch, E
Mednick, B R
Abstract: In spite of general agreement that cross-cultural research is needed in the health area, most existing investigations of children's development of health and illness-related concepts have involved samples from developed countries. The study examined the development of the concepts of health and illness as a function of subject's age, socio-economic status (SES), gender and grade level in a Brazilian sample of 96 elementary and junior high school students. Subjects were interviewed individually and their ideas of health and illness were assessed through open-ended questions. Participants' answers were transcribed verbatim and subjected to content analysis. Chi-square analyses revealed significant age, school grade and SES-related differences in participants' concepts of health and illness. The themes employed by subjects to define both health and illness were broadly consistent with those found by previous research. The study showed a predictable relationship between subject's age and school grade level and increasingly more highly differentiated and multidimensional concepts of health and illness. This investigation suggests that, for the most part, cross-cultural similarities in children's concepts of health and illness may be more striking than the differences.
Subject: Adolescent
Age Factors
Attitude To Health
Concept Formation
Cross-cultural Comparison
Educational Status
Health Education
Socioeconomic Factors
Citation: Revista De Saúde Pública. v. 31, n. 5, p. 448-56, 1997-Oct.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 1997
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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