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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Pharmacological And Immunohistochemical Evidence For A Functional Nitric Oxide Synthase System In Rat Peritoneal Eosinophils.
Author: Zanardo, R C
Costa, E
Ferreira, H H
Antunes, E
Martins, A R
Murad, F
De Nucci, G
Abstract: Eosinophil migration in vivo is markedly attenuated in rats treated chronically with the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). In this study, we investigated the existence of a NOS system in eosinophils. Our results demonstrated that rat peritoneal eosinophils strongly express both type II (30.2 +/- 11.6% of counted cells) and type III (24.7 +/- 7.4% of counted cells) NOS, as detected by immunohistochemistry using affinity purified mouse mAbs. Eosinophil migration in vitro was evaluated by using 48-well microchemotaxis chambers and the chemotactic agents used were N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP, 5 x 10(-8) M) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4, 10(-8) M). L-NAME (but not D-NAME) significantly inhibited the eosinophil migration induced by both fMLP (54% reduction for 1.0 mM; P < 0.05) and LTB4 (61% reduction for 1.0 mM; P < 0.05). In addition, the type II NOS inhibitor 2-amino-5,6-dihydro-6-methyl-4H-1,3-thiazine and the type I/II NOS inhibitor 1-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl) imidazole also markedly (P < 0. 05) attenuated fMLP- (52% and 38% reduction for 1.0 mM, respectively) and LTB4- (52% and 51% reduction for 1.0 mM, respectively) induced migration. The inhibition of eosinophil migration by L-NAME was mimicked by the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3,-a] quinoxalin-1-one (0.01 and 0.1 mM) and reversed by either sodium nitroprusside (0.1 mM) or dibutyryl cyclic GMP (1 mM). We conclude that eosinophils do express NO synthase(s) and that nitric oxide plays an essential role in eosinophil locomotion by acting through a cyclic GMP transduction mechanism.
Subject: Animals
Chemotaxis, Leukocyte
Cyclic Gmp
Enzyme Inhibitors
In Vitro Techniques
Leukotriene B4
N-formylmethionine Leucyl-phenylalanine
Ng-nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Peritoneal Cavity
Rats, Wistar
Signal Transduction
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 1997
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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