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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Epistasis among eNOS, MMP-9 and VEGF maternal genotypes in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy|
|Author:||Luizon, Marcelo R.|
Sandrim, Valeria C.
Palei, Ana C. T.
Cavalli, Ricardo C.
Tanus-Santos, Jose E.
|Abstract:||Polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) genes were shown to be associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. However, epistasis is suggested to be an important component of the genetic susceptibility to preeclampsia (PE). The aim of this study was to characterize the interactions among these genes in PE and gestational hypertension (GH). Seven clinically relevant polymorphisms of eNOS (T-786C, rs2070744, a variable number of tandem repeats in intron 4 and Glu298Asp, rs1799983), MMP-9 (C-1562T, rs3918242 and -90(CA)(13-25), rs2234681) and VEGF (C-2578A, rs699947 and G-634C, rs2010963) were genotyped by TaqMan allelic discrimination assays or PCR and fragment separation by electrophoresis in 122 patients with PE, 107 patients with GH and a control group of 102 normotensive pregnant (NP) women. A robust multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis was used to characterize gene-gene interactions. Although no significant genotype combinations were observed for the comparison between the GH and NP groups (P>0.05), the combination of MMP-9-1562CC with VEGF-634GG was more frequent in NP women than in women with PE (P<0.05). Moreover, the combination of MMP-9-1562CC with VEGF-634CC or MMP-9-1562CT with VEGF-634CC or-634GG was more frequent in women with PE than in NP women (P<0.05). These results are obscured when single polymorphisms in these genes are considered and suggest that specific genotype combinations of MMP-9 and VEGF contribute to PE susceptibility. Hypertension Research (2012) 35, 917-921; doi:10.1038/hr.2012.60; published online 10 May 2012|
|Subject:||endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene|
matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene
vascular endothelial growth factor gene
|Editor:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas|
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