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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 Genetic Variants Modify the Circulating MMP-2 Levels in End-Stage Kidney Disease|
|Author:||Marson, Bernardo P.|
da Costa, Bartira P.
Poli de Figueiredo, Carlos E.
Tanus-Santos, Jose E.
|Abstract:||Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in the pathophysiology of renal diseases, and imbalanced MMP-2 and its endogenous inhibitor (the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2; TIMP-2) are implicated in the vascular alterations of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. We have examined whether MMP-2 gene polymorphisms and haplotypes modify MMP-2 and TIMP-2 levels in ESKD patients as well as the effects of hemodialysis on the concentrations of these biomarkers. Methods: We determined MMP-2 and TIMP-2 plasma levels by gelatin zymography and ELISA, respectively, in 98 ESKD patients and in 38 healthy controls. Genotypes for two relevant MMP-2 polymorphisms (C-T-1306 and C-T-735 in the promoter region) were determined by TaqMan (R) allele discrimination assay and real-time polymerase chain reaction. The software program PHASE 2.1 was used to estimate the haplotype frequencies. Results: We found increased plasma MMP-2 and TIMP-2 levels in ESKD patients compared to controls (p<0.05), and hemodialysis decreased MMP-2 (but not TIMP-2) levels (p<0.05). The T allele for the C-T-735 polymorphism and the C-T haplotype were associated with higher MMP-2 (but not TIMP-2) levels (p<0.05), whereas the C-T-1306 had no effects. Hemodialysis decreased MMP-2 (but not TIMP-2) levels independently of MMP-2 genotypes or haplotypes (p<0.05). Conclusions: MMP-2 genotypes or haplotypes modify MMP-2 levels in ESKD patients, and may help to identify patients with increased MMP-2 activity in plasma. Hemodialysis reduces MMP-2 levels independently of MMP-2 genetic variants. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel|
|Subject:||End-stage kidney disease|
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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