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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Comprehensive Evaluation of the Effects of Enalapril on Matrix Metalloproteinases Levels in Hypertension|
Silva, Pamela S.
Izidoro-Toledo, Tatiane C.
Oliveira, Eduardo B.
Gerlach, Raquel F.
Tanus-Santos, Jose E.
|Abstract:||Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) may downregulate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). We examined whether enalapril affects MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9 levels and activity, and their endogenous inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of MMPs, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) levels in hypertensive patients. Moreover, we assessed the effects of enalaprilat on MMP-9 and TIMP-1 secretion by human endothelial cells (HUVECs). Thirty-eight hypertensive patients received enalapril for 8 weeks and were compared with thirty-eight normotensive controls. Blood samples were collected at baseline and after treatment. Plasma ACE activity was determined by a fluorimetric assay. Plasma MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were measured by ELISA and gelatin zymography. A fluorogenic peptide cleavage assay was used to measure MMP activity. HUVECs cells were stimulated by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) and the effects of enalaprilat (10(-10) to 10(-6) M) on MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels were determined. Enalapril decreased blood pressure and ACE activity in hypertensive patients (P < 0.05), but had no effects on plasma MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 levels, or MMP activity. Enalaprilat had no effects on PMA-induced increases in MMP-9 and TIMP-1 secretion by HUVECs or on MMP activity. We show consistent evidence, both in vivo and in vitro, that enalapril does not affect MMPs and TIMPs levels in hypertensive patients.|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas|
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