Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/12555
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Trigo: avaliação tecnológica de novas linhagens
Title Alternative: Technological evaluation of new lines of wheat
Author: Camargo, Celina Raquel de Oliveira
Camargo, Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira
Abstract: The new wheat lines IAC-22, IAC-31, IAC-37, IAC-41, IAC-46, IAC-57 and IAC-60, obtained from the Wheat Breeding Program of the Instituto Agronômico of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, were submitted to technological tests to evaluate the flour quality. Samples of wheat from the United States and of the wheat cultivars Alondra-S-46 and IAC-18 were used as controls. The wheat flours were submitted to chemical tests to determine the protein, lipid, ash, fiber and carbohidrate composition and to rheologic tests using a farinograph, an extensigraph and a viscoamilograph. The final quality of the wheat flour was evaluated through the bread test. The imported wheat, Alondra-S-46 and IAC-60 showed mill yields slightly superior to the other samples studied. The highest protein levels were found in the lines IAC-22, IAC-37 and IAC-41. These were superior to the levels found for the imported wheat sample, 'Alondra-S-46' and 'IAC-18'. All wheat flours exhibited maximum viscosity above 1,000 Amylograph Unities, indicating absence of the alfa amylase enzyme. The imported wheat and the lines IAC-31 and IAC-41 showed farinographic characteristics typical of medium to strong flour, while 'IAC-18' and IAC-60 of medium to weak flour. The extensigraphs showed that IAC-41, IAC-31, IAC-57 and IAC-46 presented gluten with adequate viscoelasticity characteristics for bread production. The bread tests allowed to conclude that IAC-41 and IAC-31 gave a very good quality bread, similar to the imported wheat; IAC-57, IAC-37 and IAC-60 yielded a good quality bread, similar to the 'Alondra-S-46'; and IAC-46 and IAC-22 gave a regular quality bread, similar to the 'IAC-18'.
Avaliou-se a qualidade tecnológica das linhagens de trigo IAC-22, IAC-31, IAC-37, IAC-41, IAC-46, IAC-57 e IAC-60, obtidas pelo programa de melhoramento do Instituto Agronômico, tomando como controle uma amostra de trigo norte-americano e amostras dos cultivares Alondra-S-46 e IAC-18, comerciais no Estado de São Paulo. Os maiores teores de proteína foram encontrados no 'IAC-22' e nas linhagens IAC-37 e IAC-41, superiores àqueles das farinhas de trigo importado, Alondra-S-46 e IAC-18. Todas as farinhas de trigo apresentaram viscosidade máxima superior a 1.000 unidades amilográficas, indicando a ausência da enzima alfa-amilase. As farinhas de trigo importado e das linhagens IAC-31, IAC-41 e IAC-57 apresentaram características farinográficas típicas de farinha de força média a forte e IAC-18 e IAC-60, de farinha média a fraca. Os extensigramas mostraram que as linhagens IAC-41, IAC-31, IAC-57 e IAC-46 apresentaram glúten com características viscoelásticas adequadas para a produção de pão. Pelo teste de panificação, concluiu-se que as linhagens IAC-31 e IAC-41 produziram pão de qualidade muito boa, semelhante à da farinha de trigo importado; IAC-57, IAC-37 e IAC-60, pão de qualidade boa e similar à do 'Alondra-S-46'; as linhagens IAC-46 e IAC-22 tiveram o pior comportamento em relação à qualidade de pão, regular, semelhante à do 'IAC-18'.
Subject: trigo
cultivares
novas linhagens
testes químicos
reológicos
depanificação
proteína
teores
viscosidade máxima
características farinográficas
wheat lines and cultivars
chemical tests
technological quality
rheologic tests
bread tests
protein level
maximum viscosity
farinograph characteristics
Editor: Instituto Agronômico de Campinas
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87051987000200002
Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87051987000200002
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0006-87051987000200002
Date Issue: 1-Jan-1987
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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