Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/109103
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Prevalence Of Anxiety, Depression And Quality Of Life In Htlv-1 Infected Patients
Author: Polo Gascon M.R.
Capitao C.G.
Casseb J.
Fantini Nogueira-Martins M.C.
Smid J.
Penalva de Oliveira A.C.
Abstract: The HAM/TSP caused by HTLV-1 infection usually affects patients to disabling states, and sometimes can lead them to paraplegia presenting symptoms of depression and anxiety, impacting on quality of life. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of depression and anxiety and its impact on quality of life in HTLV-1-infected TSP/HAM patients. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 67 asymptomatic (control group) and 63 with TSP/HAM subjects. The instruments used were a demographic questionnaire, scales for anxiety and depression diagnosis (BDI and BAI), questionnaire for the assessment of Quality of Life of the World Health Organization (WHOQOL-Brief) and neurological scale to measure the disability level (Osame's Disability Status Scale). All patients had HTLV-I diagnosis by serological and molecular approaches, monitored at Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas from May 2008 to July 2009. Data were analyzed statistically by frequencies, the Mann-Whitney test and the Spearman correlation test. Data among groups were analyzed and correlated with functional and severity aspects. Results: The results showed that patients with HAM/TSP compared to asymptomatic carriers had higher rates of depression (p < 0.001) and anxiety (p < 0.001), and impairment on quality of life in the areas of: dissatisfaction with health (p < 0.001), physical (p < 0.001) and the environment (p = 0.003). The main factors that correlated with levels of depression and anxiety and the domains of the WHOQOL-brief were: education, family income and social class. Conclusion: A well conducted evaluation and counseling may help in treatment, for a better quality of life of these patients. © 2011 Elsevier Editora Ltda.
Editor: 
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S1413-8670(11)70254-9
Address: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84855976310&partnerID=40&md5=a9d09b9e6ea0d56c075e42f8353ecc8f
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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