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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Photostability Of Amino Acids To Lyman α Radiation: Glycine|
Naves De Brito A.
Da Silveira E.F.
|Abstract:||The amino acids already detected in Solar System bodies and researched in Interstellar Medium are of particular importance for the chemistry related to the origin of life since they are constituents of all living organisms. Several amino acids have been identified in meteorites carbonaceous with significant concentration, while the existence of glycine in regions of star formation has been claimed. To interpret the viability of amino acids in pre-biotic astrochemistry is important to investigate the stability of these compounds in extraterrestrial surroundings. This study investigates, in the laboratory, the stability of glycine to the action of ultraviolet radiation, in spectral region around the wavelength of the Lyman α line (1216 ) produced by a hydrogen lamp. 252Cf-PDMS of positive and negative desorbed ions was performed for glycine, before and during the irradiation, and the dependence of the ion desorption yields on the irradiation time is determined. As a result, the relative photostability curves of the molecular and dimer ions are observed to be a single exponential decay with a time constant 376 min for positive desorbed ions and 675 min for negative ones. The photodissociation cross section found for glycine molecule at room temperature, when positive secondary ions are considered, is 17 Mb; this value drops to 9 Mb when negative secondary ions are analyzed. This new methodology offers a complementary way of understanding the photonic interaction in amino acids, allowing discussion on polymerization and/or radiation induced phase transition effects. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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