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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Obesity And Cardiovascular Risk Factors In School Children From Sorocaba, Sp|
|Abstract:||Objective: To verify the prevalence of obesity, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), waist circumference and acanthosis nigricans (AN) in school children from Sorocaba, in 2009 and associate them with risk factors. Methods: A probabilistic sample study was carried out with 680 children (7-11 years) from 13 public schools from the city of Sorocaba, SP. A questionnaire containing questions on physical activity, time spent watching television, playing with videogames and computers (TV/VG/PC), student and parental antecedents of arterial hypertension, renal or cardiac disease, and economic level was applied. On physical examination, weight, height, waist circumference (WC) and blood pressure (BP) were measured; presence of AN was observed. The prevalence of nutritional disorders, SAH, WC increase and presence of AN were calculated. To associate body mass index (BMI)≥P 85 and BP≥P 90 with the other variables, chi-square or Fisher's exact test (significance p<0.05) and crude and adjusted prevalence odds ratio (POR) were used. Results: The prevalence of BMI ≥P 85 was 22.1% [95%CI: 19.0-25.3%], of BP ≥P 90 10.9% [95%CI: 8.6-13.5%], increased WC 15.4% [95%CI: 12.9-17.9%] and AN 3.8% [95%CI: 2.6-5.6%]. Paternal antecedents were associated with weight excess in both analysis (POR: 1.76; 95%CI: 1.05-2.95; p=0.02). High blood pressure was associated with female sex (POR: 1.90; 95%CI: 1.12-3.23; p=0.01), more time spent with TV/VG/PC (POR: 1.82; 95%CI: 1.00-3.36; p=0.03), AN (POR: 8.18; 95%CI: 3.37-19.80; p<0.00), obesity (POR: 4.09; 95%CI: 2.41-6.94; p<0.00) and WC (POR: 4.83; 95%CI: 2.77-8.41; p<0.00). After the multivariate analysis, the female sex (adjusted POR=2.15; 95%CI: 1.17-3.93) and obesity (adjusted POR=9.51; 95%CI: 4.77-18.97) remained. Conclusion: The prevalence of weight excess, SAH, increased WC and AN in these school children was relevant. This fact justifies the use of these measurements. © 2011 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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