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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Polyolefins Reinforced With Short Vegetal Fibers: Sisal Vs. Curauá [poliolefinas Reforçadas Com Fibras Vegetais Curtas: Sisal Vs. Curauá]
Author: Spinace M.A.S.
Janeiro L.G.
Bernardino F.C.
Grossi T.A.
De Paoli M.-A.
Abstract: There is growing interest in reinforced polymer composites using short vegetal fibers to replace glass fibers for several reasons. The composite fibers are produced from renewable resources, being biodegradable and less abrasive to the processing equipment, in addition to possessing a lower density than the glass fibers. Since their thermal degradation onset is at 200 °C, they can be used to reinforce thermoplastics processed below this temperature and thermosets. Several vegetal fibers have been used as reinforcing agent, including sisal and cuaruá. However, there is controversy in the literature about the composites final properties. In this work we compare the properties of composites of high density polyethylene or polypropylene with 20 wt. (%) of short sisal or curauá fibers, with or without a coupling agent. All composites were processed by extrusion and molded by injection, under exactly the same conditions, and the mechanical properties were compared. The curauá fibers presented a higher tensile resistance than the sisal fibers, and the composites with curauá fibers had slightly higher tensile and flexural resistance compared to the sisal fiber composites. The situation is opposite in the impact resistance results, with sisal composites displaying higher impact resistance. Since sisal fibers are more fragile than curauá fibers, during processing there is a higher fracture of sisal in comparison to curauá, inducing these differences in composites mechanical properties.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0104-14282011005000036
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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