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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Impact Of Preterm Birth And Low Birth Weight On The Cognition, Behavior And Earning Of School-age Children [impacto Do Nascimento Pré-termo E Com Baixo Peso Na Cognição, Comportamento E Aprendizagem De Escolares]
Author: Riechi T.I.J.
Moura-Ribeiro M.V.L.
Ciasca S.M.
Abstract: Objective: To assess the impact of preterm birth with low birth weight on neurodevelopment, cognition, and academic learning of school-age children.Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 120 school-age children with ages between six and 15 years old, attending Elementary Schools, and socio-economically paired. All of them underwent neuropsychological, neurological and academic assessments. The Purpose Group (PG) was formed by 60 children born with gestational age <37 weeks and birthweight <2500g. The Control Group (CG) had 24 children who were siblings of the PG subjects, and 36 school-age children who were neighbors and colleagues of the PG subjects. The following tools were used for assessment: WISC III, Bender Gestalt Test, Trail Making, Rey Complex Figure, Luria Nebraska-C Neuropsychological Test, Rutter's Behavioral Scale A2, Child Behavior Checklist and Test of School Performance. Statistical comparison between groups used Fisher, Mann-Whitney and ANOVA tests. Results: PG children presented impairments in the following areas: visual-motor coordination (87% of PG children), general psychomotor development (75%), visual-constructive skill (73%), mathematical thinking (66%), tactile-kinesthetic skill (65%) and visual memory (60%), all with a p-value=0.001. The Intellectual Quotient of the PG subjects was, in average, 10 points lower than CG children. Conclusions: The school-age subjects born prematurely and with low birth weight displayed specific brain functional alterations associated to cognitive-behavioral and learning disorders.
Citation: Revista Paulista De Pediatria. , v. 29, n. 4, p. 495 - 501, 2011.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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