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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Tolerance And Phytoremediation Potential Of Stizolobium Aterrimum Associated To The Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Glomus Etunicatum In Leadcontaminated Soil [tolerância E Potencial Fitorremediador De Stizolobium Aterrimum Associada Ao Fungo Micorrízico Arbuscular Glomus Etunicatum Em Solo Contaminado Por Chumbo]
Author: de Souza L.A.
de Andrade S.A.L.
de Souza S.C.R.
Schiavinato M.A.
Abstract: Heavy metal pollution of soils has increased significantly in the last years owing to anthropic action. Several techniques can be used to revert or to minimize soil contamination, although many of these techniques are harmful to the soil. An alternative is to use a new technique, called phytoremediation, based on the ability of plants to take up elements from soils with excessive high levels of metals or of other potentially toxic elements and thus contribute to soil decontamination. The inoculation of plants with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can influence the absorption of these elements. The phytoremediation potential of Stizolobium aterrimum plants with or without AMF in soils with increasing lead concentrations was evaluated in a greenhouse experiment, in a 4 x 2 factorial design. The treatments consisted of the addition of four Pb rates (0, 250, 500 and 1000 mg dm-3) to the soil where black velvet bean plants associated or not with Glomus etunicatum AMF where grown. The results showed that black velvet bean was Pb tolerant at the tested rates. The association with AMF did not influence the Pb plant uptake. However, the mycorrhiza influenced biological nitrogen fixation by increasing the activity of the enzyme nitrogenase in mycorrhizal plants. Despite the good results obtained in relation to Pb tolerance of black velvet bean, further studies on the uptake of this element are needed, above all in the case of multicontaminated soils, as actually observed in polluted systems.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832011000400038
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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