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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Polarization In The Land Distribution, Land Use And Land Cover Change In The Amazon [polarização Da Estrutura Fundiária E Mudanças No Uso E Na Cobertura Da Terra Na Amazônia]
Author: D'Antona A.
Vanwey L.
Ludewigs T.
Abstract: The objective of this article is to present Polarization of Agrarian Structure as a single, more complete representation than models emphasizing rural exodus and consolidation of land into large agropastoral enterprises of the dynamics of changing land distribution, land use/cover, and thus the rural milieu of Amazonia. Data were collected in 2003 using social surveys on a sample of 587 lots randomly selected from among 5,086 lots on a cadastral map produced in the 1970s. Georeferencing of current property boundaries in the location of these previously demarcated lots allows us to relate sociodemographic and biophysical variables of the surveyed properties to the changes in boundaries that have occurred since the 1970s. As have other authors in other Amazonian regions, we found concentration of land ownership into larger properties. The approach we took, however, showed that changes in the distribution of land ownership is not limited to the appearance of larger properties, those with 200 ha or more; there also exists substantial division of earlier lots into properties with fewer than five hectares, many without any agropastoral use. These two trends are juxtaposed against the decline in establishments with between five and 200 ha. The variation across groups in land use/land cover and population distribution shows the necessity of developing conceptual models, whether from socioeconomic, demographic or environmental perspectives, look beyond a single group of people or properties.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672011000200006
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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