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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Alpha-hemoglobin-stabilizing Protein: An Erythroid Molecular Chaperone
Author: Costa F.F.
Favero M.E.
Abstract: Alpha-hemoglobin-stabilizing protein (AHSP) is an erythroid-specific protein that acts as a molecular chaperone for the free chains of hemoglobin. Evidence strongly suggests that AHSP participates in hemoglobin synthesis and may act to neutralize the cytotoxic effects of excess free alpha-globin subunits that accumulate both in normal and beta-thalassemic erythroid precursor cells. As such, AHSP seems to be essential for normal erythropoiesis, and impaired upregulation of AHSP may lead to premature erythroid cell death, resulting in ineffective erythropoiesis. Reduced AHSP mRNA expression has been associated with clinical variability in some cases of β-thalassemia. It has been shown that Hb variants may also impair AHSP-αHb interactions, leading to pathological conditions that resemble α-thalassemia syndromes. The aim of this paper is to summarize current information concerning the structure and function of AHSP, focusing on its role in normal erythropoiesis and its relevance in health and disease. Copyright © 2011 Maria Emlia Favero and Fernando Ferreira Costa.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1155/2011/373859
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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