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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: An Endemic Problem In Brazil [pseudomonas Aeruginosa Multirresistente: Um Problema Endêmico No Brasil]
Author: Neves P.R.
Mamizuka E.M.
Levy C.E.
Lincopan N.
Abstract: Global reports have documented the endemicity of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa associated with high levels of morbidity/mortality. In Brazil, outbreaks of MDR P. aeruginosa have been related to clonal dissemination. Currently, therapeutic options for the treatment of these infections are restricted to carbapenemic antibiotics (i.e., imipenem [IPM]). Thus, carbapenem resistance is a public health issue, since carbapenems are considered the last resort to nosocomial infections caused by MDR Gram-negative bacteria. In Brazil, the main mechanisms associated with MDR P. aeruginosa phenotypes are metallo-betalactamase (MBL) production (SPM-1 enzyme), presence of 16S rRNA methylase RmtD, loss of OprD porin, and overexpression of efflux pumps, which may explain the high level of carbapenem and aminoglycoside resistance. Accordingly, the emergence and dissemination of MDR strains is worrisome. Finally, based on national reports published by different groups of investigators, it is deduced that the convergence of multiple mechanisms of P. aeruginosa resistance has played a major role in the selection of endemic MDR clones widespread in Brazil.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442011000400004
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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