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|Type:||Artigo de evento|
|Title:||Cogeneration In The Brazilian Sugar Cane Sector: Future Scenarios And The New Legislation|
|Abstract:||The objective of this paper is to analyze the sugar cane industry in Brazil and how it could improve its participation in the national energy matrix, not only in terms of alcohol, but also with the introduction of a new product, the electrical energy obtained from cogeneration plants, due to the country increasing demand for energy. The paper describes several aspects related with this matter, such as: history, technical possibilities, internal and external markets, energy potentials, cultural aspects of the sector and the new legislation on the subject. The sector represents an important part of the Brazilian agribusiness, strongly dependent on government subsidies and special politicies. The locations, as well as the technical profiles of the units are not homogeneous in the national territory, with two major distinct regions, one in the northeast and other in the southeast, the latter already selling electrical energy to the local market. In order to increase the internal market of energy supply, the government in a series of legal acts is supporting the increase of private capitals into the generation of electrical energy by permitting the access to the transmission lines, through the establishment of new trading system and the stimulation of independent producers with sufficient standards of productivity and efficiency. The paper concludes by discussing possible scenarios resulting from the new conditions and what could be the role of the sugar cane industry as a renewable energy source for the country.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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