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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Antioxidant Effect Of Dipyridamole (dip) And Its Derivative Ra 25 Upon Lipid Peroxidation And Hemolysis In Red Blood Cells|
|Abstract:||The antioxidant effects of dipyridamol (DIP), a coronary vasodilator, and its derivative RA-25 were compared in intact red blood cells (RBC) and in isolated ghost membranes. Both compounds are quite effective antioxidants in cumene hydroperoxide-induced lipid peroxidation of RBC, showing a much smaller effect for hydrogen peroxide oxidation. The antioxidant effect of DIP was considerably higher than that of RA25. For isolated ghost membranes, the apparent IC50 (the drug concentration that produces 50% inhibition of lipid peroxidation) in cumene hydroperoxide-induced peroxidation was 25 μM, while the maximum protective effect of RA-25 was around 30% in the drug concentration range of 50-100 μM. The drugs can protect the oxidative hemolysis induced by cumene hydroperoxide with a lower effect when the hemolysis is induced by H2O2. The significant antioxidant effect against damages induced by cumene hydroperoxide suggests that DIP, due to its lipophilic character, can interact with RBC membranes, and the protective effect is associated with the binding of the drug to the membrane. On the other hand, RA-25 is more hydrophilic than DIP, binds to the membrane to a smaller extent, and, for this reason, has a lower antioxidant effect.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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