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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||A Nonequilibrium Statistical Ensemble Formalism: Maxent-nesom: Basic Concepts, Construction, Application, Open Questions And Criticisms|
|Abstract:||We describe a particular approach for the construction of a nonequilibrium statistical ensemble formalism for the treatment of dissipative many-body systems. This is the so-called Nonequilibrium Statistical Operator Method, based on the seminal and fundamental ideas set forward by Boltzmann and Gibbs. The existing approaches can be unified under a unique variational principle, namely, MaxEnt, which we consider here. The main six basic steps that are at the foundations of the formalism are presented and the fundamental concepts are discussed. The associated nonlinear quantum kinetic theory and the accompanying Statistical Thermodynamics (the Informational Statistical Thermodynamics) are very briefly described. The corresponding response function theory for systems away from equilibrium allows to connected the theory with experiments, and some examples are summarized; there follows a good agreement between theory and experimental data in the cases in which the latter are presently available. We also present an overview of some conceptual questions and associated criticisms.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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