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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Ingap-pp Up-regulates The Expression Of Genes And Proteins Related To K+ Atp Channels And Ameliorates Ca2+ Handling In Cultured Adult Rat Islets|
Del Zotto H.
|Abstract:||Islet Neogenesis Associated Protein (INGAP) increases pancreatic β-cell mass and potentiates glucose-induced insulin secretion. Here, we investigated the effects of the pentadecapeptide INGAP-PP in adult cultured rat islets upon the expression of proteins constitutive of the K+ ATP channel, Ca2+ handling, and insulin secretion. The islets were cultured in RPMI medium with or without INGAP-PP for four days. Thereafter, gene (RT-PCR) and protein expression (Western blotting) of Foxa2, SUR1 and Kir6.2, cytoplasmic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), static and dynamic insulin secretion, and 86Rb efflux were measured. INGAP-PP increased the expression levels of Kir6.2, SUR1 and Foxa2 genes, and SUR1 and Foxa2 proteins. INGAP-PP cultured islets released significantly more insulin in response to 40 mM KCl and 100 μM tolbutamide. INGAP-PP shifted to the left the dose-response curve of insulin secretion to increasing concentrations of glucose (EC50 of 10.0 ± 0.4 vs. 13.7 ± 1.5 mM glucose of the controls). It also increased the first phase of insulin secretion elicited by either 22.2 mM glucose or 100 μM tolbutamide and accelerated the velocity of glucose-induced reduction of 86Rb efflux in perifused islets. These effects were accompanied by a significant increase in [Ca2+]i and the maintenance of a considerable degree of [Ca2+]i oscillations. These results confirm that the enhancing effect of INGAP-PP upon insulin release, elicited by different secretagogues, is due to an improvement of the secretory function in cultured islets. Such improvement is due, at least partly, to an increased K+ ATP channel protein expression and/or changing in the kinetic properties of these channels and augmented [Ca2+]i response. Accordingly, INGAP-PP could potentially be used to maintain the functional integrity of cultured islets and eventually, for the prevention and treatment of diabetes. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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