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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Counterpoints In The History Of Hansen's Disease In Brazil: Situations Of Stigma And Seclusion [contrapontos Da História Da Hansen_́aciase No Brasil: Cenários De Estigma E Confinamento]
Author: de Castro Santos L.A.
Faria L.
de Menezes R.F.
Abstract: The present article discusses the combat against Hansen's disease in Brazil, especially in the states of São Paulo and Maranhão. The multiple forms of the institutions' history and the "culture of reclusion" of victims of this malady. The standard view of a single approach of discipline and control is criticized, and the existence of numerous changing situations is posited, characterized by conflicts, negotiations and different proposals for preventing and combating the disease. Different medical and lay conceptions of the disease and its treatment in the realm of public health are discussed, as well as divergent doctrines and convictions as to its contagion, spread and treatment. The changing epidemiological, medical, social (i.e., practices of isolation or institutionalization), and cultural views, are brought up regarding the disease in two states in Brazil, one in the north and one in the south, between the 1890s and the 1940s. The struggle against the disease always characterized by divergent concepts and convictions regarding the disease, from different epidemiological, medical cultural and social points of view, especially the stigma associated with the notions of sin, impurity and danger. The text describes situations in Brazil that reveal pejorative collective identities, such as social exclusion, policies of institutional confinement and recuperation.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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