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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effectiveness Of Brief Intervention And Contact For Suicide Attempters: A Randomized Controlled Trial In Five Countries
Author: Fleischmann A.
Bertolote J.M.
Wasserman D.
De Leo D.
Bolhari J.
Botega N.J.
De Silva D.
Phillips M.
Vijayakumar L.
Varnik A.
Schlebusch L.
Thanh H.T.T.
Abstract: Objective: To determine whether brief intervention and contact is effective in reducing subsequent suicide mortality among suicide attempters in low and middle-income countries. Methods: Suicide attempters (n = 1867) identified by medical staff in the emergency units of eight collaborating hospitals in five culturally different sites (Campinas, Brazil; Chennai, India; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran; and Yuncheng, China) participated, from January 2002 to October 2005, in a randomized controlled trial to receive either treatment as usual, or treatment as usual plus brief intervention and contact (BIC), which included patient education and follow-up. Overall, 91% completed the study. The primary study outcome measurement was death from suicide at 18-month follow-up. Findings: Significantly fewer deaths from suicide occurred in the BIC than in the treatment-as-usual group (0.2% versus 2.2%, respectively; χ2 = 13.83, P < 0.001). Conclusion: This low-cost brief intervention may be an important part of suicide prevention programmes for underresourced low-and middle-income countries.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.2471/BLT.07.046995
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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