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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Posttransplant Diabetes Mellitus: Incidence And Risk Factors|
|Abstract:||Posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is common post transplantation and is associated with tacrolimus (TAC) and steroid therapy. The aim of the present study was to analyze the incidences of PTDM and associated risk factors. Methods: We selected renal transplant recipients treated with TAC, mycophenolate mofetil (MM), and steroids. Exclusion criteria were recipients <18 years old, history of diabetes, recipients of kidney/pancreas, and/or those receiving cyclosporine or sirolimus. PTDM was defined as glucose >126 mg/dL, with or without drug therapy. Results: Among 67 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 18 (26.8%) developed PTDM within 2 months of transplantation. Compared with normal glucose patients, the PTDM group was older, male, received a kidney from deceased donors, and showed higher pretransplant glucose levels. No differences were noticed in renal function or daily dose of TAC or steroids. However, TAC trough levels in the first month were higher among the PTDM group, despite the lower dose per kilogram. After 1 year of follow-up, weight gain as well as daily TAC per kilogram dose was less among PTDM patients. Analysis of potential risk factors showed a higher incidence of hepatitis C virus infection in the PTDM group, as well as a higher frequency of HLA DR13. Conclusion: The incidence of PTDM diagnosed in the early posttransplant period in the present series was 26.8%. Risk factors included older age, male gender, recipients of kidneys from deceased donors, hepatitis C virus infection, higher pretransplant glucose levels, and higher TAC trough levels during the first month posttransplant. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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