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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Biological And Biochemical Characterization Of New Basic Phospholipase A2 Bmtx-i Isolated From Bothrops Moojeni Snake Venom
Author: Calgarotto A.K.
Damico D.C.S.
Ponce-Soto L.A.
Baldasso P.A.
Da Silva S.L.
Souza G.H.M.F.
Eberlin M.N.
Marangoni S.
Abstract: BmTX-I, an Asp49 phospholipase A2, was purified from Bothrops moojeni venom after only one chromatographic step using reverse-phase HPLC on μ-Bondapak C-18 column. A molecular mass of 14238.71 Da was determined by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Amino acid analysis showed a high content of hydrophobic and basic amino acids as well as 14 half-cysteine residues. The BmTX-I PLA2 had a sequence of 121 residues of amino acids: DLWQFNKMIK KEVGKLPFPF YGAYGCYCGW GGRGEKPKDG TDRCCFVHDC CYKKLTGCPK WDDRYSYSWK DITIVCGEDL PCEEICECDR AAAVCFYENL GTYNKKYMKH LKPCKKADYP C and pI value 7.84, and showed a high degree of homology with basic Asp49 PLA2 myotoxins from other Bothrops venoms. BmTX-I presented PLA2 activity in the presence of a synthetic substrate and showed a minimum sigmoidal behavior, reaching its maximal activity at pH 8.0 and 35-45 °C. Maximum PLA2 activity required Ca2+ and in the presence of Mg2+, Cd2+ and Mn2+ it was reduced in presence or absence of Ca2+. Crotapotin from Crotalus durissus colillineatus rattlesnake venom has significantly inhibited (P<0.05) the enzymatic activity of BmTX-I. In vitro, the whole venom and BmTX-I caused a blockade of the neuromuscular transmission in young chick biventer cervicis preparations in a similar way to other bothrops species. In mice, BmTX-I and the whole venom-induced myonecrosis and a systemic interleukin-6 response upon intramuscular injection. Edema-forming activity was also analyzed through injection of the venom and the purified BmTX-I into the subplantar region of the right footpad. Since BmTX-I exert a strong proinflammatory effect; the enzymatic phospholipids hydrolysis might be relevant for these phenomena. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.03.030
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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