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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Signs And Symptoms Associated With Sexually Transmitted Infections In Brazil, 2005 [sinais E Sintomas Associados às Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis No Brasil, 2005]|
Franca Jr. I.
|Abstract:||Objective: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major determinant of population disease burden worldwide. The objective of the study was to assess self-reported morbidity associated to STIs according to gender. Methods: The study data were obtained from a 2005 study consisting of a multistage probabilistic sample of 5,040 respondents, aged 16-65 years, living in urban areas in Brazil. These data were compared with those from a previous 1998 study. Bivariate analyses were carried out using Pearson's chi-square test and simple linear regression followed by logistic regression. Results: In both men and women, the variables: previous HIV testing, personal belief in unfaithful love, and number of sexual partners in a lifetime were significantly associated to STIs. In women only, the covariates: low family income, living in the Mid-West, Southeast and South regions, and reporting of physical violence were independently associated to STIs. In men, the variables associated were: age group (35 years or more), living in the South region and in the state of São Paulo, and self-perceived HIV infection risk. Conclusions: Signs and symptoms associated to STIs have strong gender differences in the general population and education interventions should be specifi cally targeted to either men or women.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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