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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Thyroid Epithelial Tumours|
|Author:||Sabino de Matos P.|
|Abstract:||The traditional classification of thyroid tumours is derived from follicular and 'C' cells and based on morphology and clinical features, but molecular studies have shown the involvement of distinct genes in each of these tumours. The high prevalence of papillary microcarcinoma in thyroid glands removed for other reasons underpinned the alteration of the TNM classification of thyroid tumors. Molecular studies showed that the high prevalence of BRAF mutations in papillary carcinomas, reaching ≤70% in some series, contrasts with lower levels of this mutation in cases of follicular variants. Follicular variants of papillary carcinoma share oncogene changes with follicular tumours, making the differential diagnosis of follicular lesions a challenge. Hyalinizing trabecular tumour has the same RET oncogene rearrangement encountered in many papillary carcinomas, raising the possibilty that it is a variant of papillary carcinoma. The 'mixed medullary-follicular cell carcinoma' is of uncertain histogenesis and merits separate classification. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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