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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||The Effects Of Rapamycin In The Progression Of Renal Fibrosis|
dos Reis M.A.
|Abstract:||Renal fibrosis is a hallmark of end-stage renal diseases and of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). Rapamycin, besides its action through blockade of lymphocyte proliferation, also has antiproliferative, antiviral, and antitumor actions. Its use in clinical in patients with CAN has recently been advocated. Objectives: Our goal was to evaluate the effect of rapamycin in an established model of renal fibrosis, unilateral ureteral obstruction. Materials and Methods: C57BL/6 mice were divided into two groups, treated or not with daily doses of rapamycin (0.2 mg/kg) beginning on day-1. The obstruction was performed as day 0. Blood and kidney tissues were collected at 1, 4, 7, and 14 days after the surgery to quantify bone morphogenic protein (BMP)-7 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β mRNA by real time PCR. Results: Daily treatment with rapamycin caused a significant reduction in serum creatinine at day 1 (0.57 ± 0.03 vs 0.95 ± 0.15 mg/dL, P = .002) and at day 14 (0.56 ± 0.04 vs 0.73 ± 0.07 mg/dL, P = .040). This profile was corroborated by histological morphometric analyses showing less fibrosis at day 14. However, rapamycin surprisingly induced an upregulation of TGF-β at day 4 (3.05 ± 0.46 vs 1.85 ± 0.41, P = .006) and at day 7 (6.33 ± 0.55 vs 4.97 ± 0.38, P = .024) with a reduced expression by day 14 (4.03 ± 1.07 vs 7.89 ± 0.83, P < .001). Surprisingly, rapamycin also promoted an increment in BMP-7, completely reversing the ratio of TGF-β to BMP-7, allowing a more protective phenotype. Conclusion: Rapamycin slightly ameliorated the renal dysfunction and, at later time points, induced less fibrosis and less decrease in the TGF-β to BMP-7 ratio. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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