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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Ising Nematic Phase In Ultrathin Magnetic Films: A Monte Carlo Study|
|Abstract:||We study the critical properties of a two-dimensional Ising model with competing ferromagnetic exchange and dipolar interactions, which models an ultrathin magnetic film with high out-of-plane anisotropy in the monolayer limit. We present numerical evidence showing that two different scenarios appear in the model for different values of the exchange to dipolar intensities ratio, namely, a single first-order stripe-tetragonal phase transition or two phase transitions at different temperatures with an intermediate Ising nematic phase between the stripe and the tetragonal ones. Our results are very similar to those predicted by Abanov [Phys. Rev. B 51, 1023 (1995)], but suggest a much more complex critical behavior than predicted by those authors for both the stripe-nematic and the nematic-tetragonal phase transitions. We also show that the presence of diverging free energy barriers at the stripe-nematic transition makes possible to obtain by slow cooling a metastable supercooled nematic state down to temperatures well below the transition one. © 2006 The American Physical Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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