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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Precooling Parameters Of 'roxo De Valinhos' Figs (ficus Carica L.) Packed In A Carton Box
Author: Dussan-Sarria S.
Honorio S.L.
Nogueira D.H.
Abstract: Introduction. Figs of the variety 'Roxo de Valinhos' are currently cooled in a cold room at a temperature between (1 and 3)°C, and it is unknown how long it takes to cool the fruits to that temperature. The work was based on the need to determine the parameters of forced-air precooling of figs packed in a carton box used for exportation and commercialization in São Paulo State, Brazil. Materials and methods. The fruits were harvested at the harvest rami stage (3/4 of maturity) and at size "type 8", corresponding to eight fruits per box, making up a total of 24 fruits per package. Forty-eight packages were utilized, 24 on each side to form a Californian tunnel. The airflow was 2.8 L·s-1 per kg of product, with an average velocity of the air of 2.0 m·s-1. The initial interior temperature of the fruits was 20°C and the final temperature was 1°C. The evolution of the fig interior temperature was registered. Results. The cooling curve was drawn and the exponential analytical model to predict the precooling parameters was made based on the experimental data. The cooling curve of fig showed a typical behavior; the average fruit temperature during precooling presented a rapid fall at the beginning of the cooling, and slowly declined when it was close to the final temperature. Conclusion. The cooling time was 110 min, the cooling coefficient was 0.0344 min-1, the Biot number was 1.3 and the convective heat transference coefficient was 23.8°C·W -1·m-2. © 2006 Cirad/EDP Sciences All rights reserved.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1051/fruits:2006039
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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