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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Memory Training In Healthy Elders: Outcomes And Possible Mechanisms Of Improvement [treino De Memória No Idoso Saudável: Benefícios E Mecanismos]
Author: Yassuda M.S.
Batistoni S.S.T.
Fortes A.G.
Neri A.L.
Abstract: Introduction: Studies document a change in memory during the process of aging. However, studies report the possibility of improvement after training. Objective: To replicate international findings regarding the effects of memory training with a sample of Brazilian elders and to investigate mechanisms, such as the use of strategies, that can explain its benefits. Methods: 69 healthy Brazilian elders were randomly divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG), and received four sessions of training (CG received training after pos-test). Training included information on memory and the process of aging, instruction and practice in organizing grocery lists and the underlining of main ideas in short texts. Results: There was superior improvement for prose recall and greater use of strategies (organizing lists and underlining texts) for the EG at post-test. Both groups reported fewer memory complaints (assessed with the MAC-Q) and faster information processing (WAIS-R Digit Symbols sub-test). Conclusions: After training, elders intensify the use of strategies, however, this fact does not guarantee a better performance (there was no significant improvement in list recalls). List recall results suggest the presence of the utilization deficiency: elders used the strategy but failed to benefit from it.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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