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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Cephalotes Clypeatus Fabricius (hymenoptera: Formicidae): Nesting Habits And Occurrence In Animal Carcass [cephalotes Clypeatus Fabricius (hymenoptera: Formicidae): Hábitos De Nidificação E Ocorrência Em Carcaça Animal]|
|Abstract:||The ecological position of the family Formicidae in animal carcasses varies from predator, when feeding on eggs, larvae and pupae of some insects to necrophagous, when the ants feed on exudates or decomposing tissues. Ants are present in human corpses subject to forensic analyses and can also be used in estimation of the post-mortem interval (PMI). Cephalotes clypeatus Fabricius is exclusively arboricolous and occurs only in the American continent. During a field study conducted in the Campus of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas, in December 2003, a laboratory mouse carcass weighing 35,9 g was placed in an iron-mesh cage, which was adequate to collect adult ants. The carcass decomposed in four days. The total of 82 specimens of C. clypeatus was collected, in the first two days of exposure. They were observed feeding on exudates, tissues of the carcass, and on Diptera larvae occurring in the carcass. This species was observed nesting in hollow branches of Senna multijuga (Rich.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby (Caesalpinaceae), which was found one-meter far from the cage. Further investigation on the biology of this Cephalotini must be performed, in order to understand the role of this species in the utilization of animal carcasses, and in the entomological succession process as well. This is the first report of C. clypeatus in animal carcasses.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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