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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||A Versatile Set Up For Implementing Different Flow Analysis Approaches: Spectrophotometric Determination Of Nickel In Steel Alloys|
Raimundo Jr. I.M.
|Abstract:||An arrangement capable of implementing the four principal types of flow analysis processes, monosegmented flow analysis (MSFA), flow injection analysis with multicommutation and binary sampling (FIA-MBS), flow injection analysis with sandwich sampling (FIA-SS) and sequential injection analysis (SIA) is described. The core of the flow manifold is a six-way solenoid valve that is assembled together with three three-way solenoid valves in order to provide a versatile flow network. Software was written in VisualBasic 3.0 to give a friendly working structure allowing the user to easily choose the flow variables and the kind of flow system. The reliability of the flow set up for implementation of the four flow analysis systems was evaluated by means of the spectrophotometric determination of nickel in steel alloys, based on the formation of a colored complex with dimethylglyoxime (DMG). The performances of the four different flow methodologies were compared. The reagent consumptions per determination were 4.0 mg of triethanolamine, 6.0 mg of potassium persulfate and 0.6 mg of DMG. When the flow set up was instructed through the software to implement MSFA, FIA-MBS, and FIA-SS approaches, a sampling frequency of 40 samples/h was obtained, while 30 samples could be processed per hour in the SIA mode. The precisions, evaluated as the relative standard deviation of ten determinations were 0.7%, 1.6%, 1.8% and 3.1% for the MFSA, FIA-MBS, FIA-SS and SIA systems, respectively. The results for determination of nickel in steel alloys presented good agreement with the reference method (ICP OES), showing no significant difference at a confidence level of 95%. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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