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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Relationship Between Phophatase Activity And Cytotoxic Effect Of Two Protein Phosphatase Inhibitors, Okadaic Acid And Pervanadate, On Human Myeloid Leukemia Cell Line|
|Author:||Galvao Freire A.C.|
|Abstract:||Protein phosphatases are signalling molecules that regulate a variety of fundamental cellular processes including cell growth, metabolism and apoptosis. The aim of this work was to correlate the cytotoxicity of pervanadate and okadaic acid on HL60 cells and their effect on the phosphatase obtained from these cells. The cytotoxicity of these protein phosphatase inhibitors was evaluated on HL60 cells using phosphatase activity, protein quantification and MTT reduction as indices. The major phosphatase presents in the cellular extract showed high activity (80%) and affinity (Km = 0.08 mM) to tyrosine phosphate in relation to p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP) - (Km = 0.51 mM). Total phosphatase (pNPP) was inhibited in the presence of 10 mM vanadate (98%), 200 μM pervanadate (95%) and 100 μM p-chloromercuribenzoate (80%) but okadaic acid caused a slight increase in enzyme activity (25%). When the HL60 cells were treated with the phosphatase inhibitors (pervanadate and okadaic acid) for 24 hours, only 20% residual activity was observed in presence of 200 μM pervanadate, whereas in the presence of okadaic acid this inhibitory effect was not observed. However, in respect to mitochondrial function, cell viability decreased about 80% in the presence of 100 nM okadaic acid. The total protein content was decreased 25% when the cells were treated with 100 nM okadaic acid in combination with 200 μM pervanadate. Our results suggest that both phosphatase inhibitors presented different mechanisms of action on HL60 cells. However, their effect on the cell redox status have to be considered.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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