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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Severe Suicide Attempts: Three Different Groups Admitted To A General Hospital [tentativas De Suicídio Graves: Três Diferentes Grupos Internados Em Um Hospital Geral]|
|Abstract:||Aim: To verify the existence of different groups of suicide attempters admitted to a general hospital. Methods: The study subjects were 121 patients admitted, consecutively, to the hospital after a suicide attempt. A structured interview including psychometric scales, sociodemographic and clinical data was used. The following statistical tests were used: chi-squared, Fischer, Mann-Whitney and cluster analysis (K-means method). Results: Most patients were male (64%) and young adults. The mean age was 32.6 years. There were eight deaths in young male adults. Three groups of patients were identified by cluster analysis: a) a group of 43 subjects (most of them female, mean age = 32.7) who used self-poisoning as suicide method. Half presented high lethality and two thirds low level of suicide intention; b) a group of 53 subjects (most males, mean age = 30 years) who used self-poisoning and presented both high lethality and suicide intention; c) a group of 17 subjects (most males, mean age = 42.7) who used violent methods in the suicide attempt and presented high levels of lethality and suicide intention. Conclusions: The cluster analysis produced three groups. A group of 17 subjects presented high levels of medical lethality and suicide intention. These patients, specially, need to have the suicide risk carefully assessed, as well as intensive psychiatric care.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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