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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Anabolic Androgenic Steroids Misuse In The City Of São Paulo: A Qualitative Study [o Uso Indevido De Anabolizantes Na Cidade De São Paulo: Um Estudo Qualitativo]
Author: Lobe A.P.T.
Nappo S.A.
Van Der Meer Sanchez Z.
De Araujo Carlini E.
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the reasons, implications and patterns of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use in 40 non-athletic youths, in the city of São Paulo. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted with intentional sampling and based on criteria obtained by the snowball technique and from in-depth interviews with 40 users/ex-users of AAS, utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire based on key-word information. The size of the sample was determined by the theoretical saturation of information. Results: Men and youths are the principal users of AAS, who utilize them at doses much higher than therapeutic doses and also combine various AAS (stacking). AAS are utilized during determined periods of time (cycles), starting with low doses which are gradually increased (pyramid). An "inadequate body" is usually the reason cited for the use of MS. The most frequently reported side effects are aggressivity, hepatic problems, gynecomastia, cardiovascular complaints, dermatologic effects, sexual problems, lowered immunity, masculinizing effects in women and dependence. Discussion: The difficulty of social/affective relationships due to an inadequate body is the alleged motive for the use of AAS. A poor understanding of the effects of AAS, along with the distorted view these youths have of their body, propels them to utilize AAS indefinitely. Conclusions: The use of high doses of AAS and of mixtures of various AAS in an attempt to improve appearance results in exposure to the side effects of these drugs. Disinformation, an unattainable body image, low self-esteem, the search for admiration of their body, makes these youths chronic users of AAS. The illegality of their sale and the adverse effects of AAS do not impede youths from using them, indicating that more precise information on these drugs needs to be accessible, as long as the stereotype of the muscular man should not be promoted by the media.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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