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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Evolution Of Brazilian Psychiatric Classifications: A Historical Sketch [evolução Das Classificações Psiquiátricas No Brasil: Um Esboço Histórico]
Author: De Oliveira C.F.A.
Dalgalarrondo P.
Nogueira A.B.
Abstract: In descriptive and historical study, some examples of the models of psychiatric classifications in Brazil are presented, starting from the absorption of the European standards of the time and, evolutively, until to arrive it the Brazilian classification sketches. In the initial section, a parallel is drew between historical and social facts, of Europe and Brazil, since the discovery of the last one. This is done in order to relate the historical times approached with the evolution of the classification conceptions of the mental diseases by the societies, at different times. In the sequence, they are described, effectively, the importations of the classification psychiatric concepts of Europe and attempts of Brazilian alienists in 19 century and beginning of 20 century. The discussion is extended to the sequences of this process, in the course of 20 century. The first classification sketch is done by dr. Domingos José Cunha, practitioner of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São João del-Rei, in Minas Gerais, in the year of 1817. In this classification list is a miscellany of diagnosis, which are reproduced from European authors, which associated at popular jargons as little judgment and furious crazy. Effectively, the first Brazilian classification synthesis occurs in thesis of Antonio Luiz da Silva Peixoto, in 1837, when the adaptation of the classification of Esquirol is observed, with the incorporation of the lypemanias in the group of the monomanias. The first psychiatric classification of Brazilian author happens in 1876, with Nuno de Andrade, a alienist with mental orientation. In this classification, from the influences of Heinroth and Guislain, an ideological trend to the mental orientation is inferred, in opposition to the increasing of the organic orientation in that time. In conclusion, in despite of the majority and prevalent importation of international psychiatric classification standards, since the primordial of alienism in Brazil, an inclination always existed to classify the mental diseases in accordance with certain Brazilian particularities.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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