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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Influence Of Prey Size On Predation Success By Zelus Longipes L. (het., Reduviidae)|
Amaral Filho B.F.
|Abstract:||The effects of prey size on the predatory responses of the reduviid Zelus longipes were studied through laboratory tests using larvae of the noctuid moth Spodoptera frugiperda as preys. In tests with one caterpillar, larvae of three different weight classes were offered individually to the predator. The prey weight was positively correlated with relative weight gain by the predator, mean feeding time and discarded biomass, but not with the relative extraction rate (defined as the relative weight gain by the predator by feeding time). The different sizes of caterpillars were attacked with the same frequency, but the successful attacks were more frequent in small larvae. The median mass of successfully attacked larvae was also less than that of unsuccessfully attacked. In tests with three caterpillars, larvae of three weight classes were offered at the same time; small caterpillars were more often attacked and killed than the medium and large ones. The results showed that even if larger preys resulted in more energy intake, when the choice is possible, smaller caterpillars were more likely to be attacked than medium and large. This is probably related to the fact that successful attacks were more frequent in small larvae, and also reduced the risk of injury to the predator.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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