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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Juvenile Snooks (centropomidae) As Mimics Of Mojarras (gerreidae), With A Review Of Aggressive Mimicry In Fishes
Author: Sazima I.
Abstract: Aggressive mimicry has been proposed for several unrelated fish species both in freshwater and marine environments. I describe herein a few additional examples, including the first ones from brackish water. In one well documented case, juvenile snooks, Centropomus mexicanus (Centropomidae) join bottom-foraging groups of the superficially similar mojarras, Eucinostomus melanopterus (Gerreidae) and prey on small fishes and crustaceans under such disguise. Two other snook species and two species of groupers (Serranidae), are here suggested as additional instances of aggressive mimicry. Furthermore, I review published examples of aggressive mimicry in fishes and indicate trends in the relationships between the mimics, their feeding tactics, and their putative models. Three large families, Serranidae, Cichlidae, and Blenniidae display most of the examples of aggressive mimicry, serranids being largely represented by the genus Hypoplectrus and blenniids by the tribe Nemophini only. Three major trends are here indicated for aggressive mimics: (1) fish species that feed on prey smaller than themselves tend to mimic and join fish species harmless to their prospective prey; (2) fish species that feed on prey larger than themselves tend to mimic mostly beneficial fish species (cleaners) or, less frequently, join species harmless to their prospective prey; (3) fish species that feed on prey about their own size tend to mimic their prospective prey species, the perfect 'wolf in a sheep's clothes' disguise type. The latter deceit is recorded mostly for scale and fin-feeding freshwater fishes.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1023/A:1019654721236
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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