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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Biogeochemical Dynamics Following Land Use Change From Forest To Pasture In A Humid Tropical Area (rondônia, Brazil): A Multi-element Approach By Means Of Xrf-spectroscopy|
Conceicao Santana Carvalho M.
|Abstract:||Forest burning for pastures in tropical areas represents an important component of biogeochemical cycles. In order to provide information concerning chemical modifications after forest burning, in this local study the total contents of 29 elements in topsoils were analyzed when forest is changed to pasture land. The work was carried out in 1999 in Rondônia state (Brazilian Amazon Basin) focussing on a native forest site and four neighboring pastures established in 1987, 1983, 1972 and 1911 after forest conversion. Chemical fingerprint graphs of the pasture soils related to the forest soil illustrated mainly higher contents for the vast majority of macro- and micro nutrients, but for other elements as well (e.g. Ba, Sr, Cr, Ni, V or Pb). Also increases of pH levels were measured in all pastures, which remained higher than the forest values for decades. After initial increases of most of the elements in pasture of 1987 the decreases of some macro elements (e.g. C, N, K, Mg, S) in pasture 1983 as well as again the enhanced levels in pasture 1972 and 1911 suggest both a persistent leaching of these elements and a function of pasture age where external element inputs exceed outputs. Ash deposition, accumulation of organic matter, animal excreta as well as natural soil conditions are discussed as influencing factors on the element contents of the original forest and the pasture soils. Nevertheless, in this particular area continuous pasturing after forest clearing primarily enriched the soils in elements. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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