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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cognitive Disorders In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus [disturbios Cognitivos No Lupus Eritematoso Sistemico]
Author: Appenzeller S.
Fujisawa G.
Costallat L.T.L.
Abstract: Objective: To determine the frequency and nature of cognitive disorders in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: 40 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (ARA's criteria, 1982) were analyzed with special emphasis to cognitive disorders. To find cognitive disorders the authors used several tests, including Mini-mental, logic memory, long-term memory; long- and short-term memory; verbal fluency. The control group, composed of 40 patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) (Arnett, 1989) and 40 persons without any chronic disease, went through the same inventory. Statistics were performed by chi-square tests and non-parametric tests. Results: Cognitive disorders were observed in 75% in SLE compared to 30% in RA (p=0.0001) and to 7.5% in the healthy group (p<0.0001). Conclusion: Even if a greater incidence of cognitive disorders were observed in SLE (75%) and RA (30%) when compared to the healthy group (7.5%), the difference between SLE and RA was statistically significant in all tests employed. There was no relation between cognitive disorders and duration or activity of illness or with the use of corticosteroid therapy: The use of specific tests augments the sensibility for the detection of cognitive disorders in SLE and in other chronic disease.
Editor: Redprint Editora Ltda
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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