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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Structure And Regulation Of The Bifunctional Enzyme Lysine-oxoglutarate Reductase-saccharopine Dehydrogenase In Maize|
|Abstract:||The lysine-oxoglutarate reductase (LOR) domain of the bifunctional enzyme lysine-oxoglutarate reductase-saccharopine dehydrogenase (LOR/SDH) from maize endosperm was shown to be activated by Ca 2+, high salt concentration, organic solvents and Mg 2+. The Ca 2+-dependent enhancement of LOR activity was inhibited by the calmodulin antagonists N-(6-aminohexyl)- 5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (w7) and calmidazolium. Limited proteolysis was used to assess the structure/function relationship of the enzyme. Digestion with elastase separated the bifunctional 125-kDa polypeptide into two polypeptides of 65 kDa and 57 kDa, containing the functional domains of LOR and SDH, respectively. Proteolysis did not affect SDH activity, while LOR showed a time-dependent and protease-concentration-dependent inactivation followed by reactivation. Prolonged digestion or increasing amounts of elastase produced a complex pattern of limit polypeptides derived from additional cleavage sites within the 65-kDa (LOR) and 57-kDa (SDH) domains. The SDH-containing polypeptides inhibited the enzymatic activity of LOR- containing polypeptides. When separated from the SDH domain by limited proteolysis and ion-exchange chromatography, the LOR domain retained its Ca 2+ activation property, but was no longer activated by high salt concentrations. These results suggest that the LOR activity of the native enzyme is normally inhibited such that after modulation, the enzyme undergoes a conformational alteration to expose the catalytic domain for substrate binding.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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