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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Lipase From A Brazilian Strain Penicillium Citrinum Cultured In A Simple And Inexpensive Medium: Heat-denaturation, Kinetics, And Ph Stability|
Lima Filho J.L.
|Abstract:||This work is a study of lipase production by a Brazilian strain of Penicillium citrinum using an inexpensive and simple medium without organic nitrogen sources and of some important industrial properties, including thermostability in relation to ionic strength. The maximal lipase activity (1585 U/L) was obtained when Penicillium citrinum was cultured on 0.75% ammonium sulfate complemented with minerals salts instead of yeast extract. Although this activity was about 55% lower than that produced in medium with yeast extract (2850 U/L), the specific activity (7.8 U/mg proteins) was higher than that obtained with the yeast extract (4.9 U/mg proteins). The morphology of fungus changed totally, with yeast extract there are smooth, solid, and spherical pellets whereas on ammonium sulfate there are small "hairy" pellets uniformly suspended in the medium. The effect of ferrous (Fe ++) ions was carried out using medium MA with and without Fe ++ ions. Lipase production by Penicillium citrinum in medium MA requires Fe ++ ions, the absence of which caused a decreased of about 50% in the specific activity (3.5 U/mg proteins). The utilization of commercial, locally available oils as carbon sources, such as soybean oil (236 U/L) and corn oil (74 U/L) resulted in lower activity compared to olive oil, showing that lipase production by Penicillium citrinum is specifically induced by olive oil. Potassium concentration in the medium can effects the production of lipase (1 mM (1585 U/L), 10 mM (1290 U/L), and 30 mM (1238 U/L), 50 mM (195 U/L), and 100 mM (2 U/L). The crude culture filtered was susceptable to thermal deactivation. It was stable at pH 6.0, but was not stable at the optimum pH (8.0-8.5) at 50 mM. At the low ionic concentration (1-25 mM) this lipase was stable at low pH (3.5-4.0). The activation energy was 22.4 ± 2.2 Kcal. mol 1.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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