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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Supercritical fluid extraction from fennel (Foeniculum vulgare): global yield, composition and kinetic data
Author: Moura, LS
Carvalho, RN
Stefanini, MB
Ming, LC
Meireles, MAA
Abstract: Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) from solids has proven to be technically feasible for almost any system; nonetheless, its economical viability has been proven for a restricted number of systems. A common practice is to compare the cost of manufacturing of vegetable extracts by a variety of techniques without deeply considering the huge differences in composition and functional properties among the various types of extracts obtained; under this circumstance, the cost of manufacturing do not favor SFE. Additionally, the influence of external parameters such as the agronomic conditions and the SFE system geometry are not considered. In the present work, these factors were studied for the system fennel seeds + CO2. The effects of the harvesting season and the degree of maturation on the global yields for the system fennel seeds + CO2 were analyzed at 300 bar and 40 degrees C. The effects of the pressure on the global yields were determined for the temperatures of 30 and 40 degrees C. Kinetics experiments were done for various ratios of bed height to bed diameter. Fennel extracts were also obtained by hydrodistillation and low-pressure solvent extraction. The chemical composition of the fennel extracts were determined by gas chromatography. The SFE maximum global yield (12.5%, dry basis) was obtained with dry harvested fennel seeds. Anethole and fenchone were the major constituents of the extract; the following fat acids palmitic (C16H32O2), palmitoleic stearic (C18H36O2), oleic (C18H34O2), linoleic (C18H32O2) and linolenic (C18H30O2) were also detected in the extracts. A relation between amounts of feed and solvent, bed height and diameter, and solvent flow rate was proposed. The models of Sovova, Goto et al. and Tan and Lion were capable of describing the mass transfer kinetics. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
global yield isotherms
kinetics modeling
overall extraction curves
process parameter data
supercritical fluid extraction
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Journal Of Supercritical Fluids. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 35, n. 3, n. 212, n. 219, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2005.01.006
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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