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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Surgical Microscope May Enhance Root Coverage With Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft: A Randomized-Controlled Clinical Trial
Author: Bittencourt, S
Ribeiro, ED
Sallum, EA
Nociti, FH
Casati, MZ
Abstract: Background: Minimally invasive techniques have broadened the horizons of periodontal plastic surgery to improve treatment outcomes. Thus, the purpose of this clinical trial was to compare root coverage, postoperative morbidity, and esthetic outcomes of subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) technique with or without the use of a surgical microscope in the treatment of gingival recessions. Methods: In this split-mouth study, twenty-four patients with bilateral Miller's Class I or II buccal gingival recessions >= 2.0 mm in canines or premolars were selected. Gingival recessions were randomly designated to receive treatment with SCTG with or without the assistance of the surgical microscope (test and control groups, respectively). Clinical parameters evaluated included the following: depth (RH) and width (RW) of the gingival defect, width (WKT) and thickness (TKT) of keratinized tissue, probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL). Postoperative morbidity was evaluated by means of an analog visual scale and questionnaire. Patient satisfaction was also evaluated with a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were expressed as mean +/- SD. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used for examination of differences regarding PD, CAL, and TKT. The Wilcoxon test was used to detect differences between groups and the Friedman test to detect differences within group regarding WKT, RH, and RW. Results: The average percentages of root coverage for test and control treatments, after 12 months, were 98.0% and 88.3%, respectively (P<0.05). Complete root coverage was achieved in 87.5% and 58.3% of teeth treated in test and control groups, respectively. For all parameters except recession height, there was an improvement in the final examination but without difference between treatments. For the RH, a lower value was found in the test group compared to the control group (P<0.05). In the test group, all patients were satisfied with the esthetics obtained, and 19 patients (79.1%) were satisfied in the control group. For postoperative morbidity, 14 patients in each of the two treatment groups did not use analgesics for pain control. Conclusion: Both approaches were capable of producing root coverage; however, use of the surgical microscope was associated with additional clinical benefits in the treatment of teeth with gingival recessions. J Periodontol 2012;83:721-730.
Subject: Clinical trial
connective tissue
gingival recession
split-mouth design
surgical flap
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Acad Periodontology
Citation: Journal Of Periodontology. Amer Acad Periodontology, v. 83, n. 6, n. 721, n. 730, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1902/jop.2011.110202
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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