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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Smoking modulates interferon-gamma expression in the gingival tissue of patients with chronic periodontitis|
De Oliveira, MCG
|Abstract:||Although interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) plays a critical role in periodontitis, no information is available regarding the effect of smoking on this cytokine in the periodontium. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of smoking on the IFN-gamma levels in gingival tissue from patients with chronic periodontitis. Sixty-two patients were assigned to three groups: healthy [non-smoking and periodontally healthy individuals (probing depth <= 3 mm and no bleeding on probing; n = 12)]; periodontitis [non-smokers clinically diagnosed with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis (probing depth >= 5 mm and bleeding on probing; n = 25)]; and smoking [smokers (>= 1 pack/day for at least 10 yr) diagnosed with chronic periodontitis (n = 25)]. Gingival biopsies were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Regardless of smoking status, diseased patients presented higher levels of IFN-gamma than peridontally healthy patients. In sites with comparable types of periodontitis, smoking increased both protein and mRNA levels of IFN-gamma in gingival tissue. Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that modulation of periodontal tissue destruction by smoking may involve its effect on IFN-gamma production.|
|Citation:||European Journal Of Oral Sciences. Blackwell Publishing, v. 114, n. 5, n. 403, n. 408, 2006.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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