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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Methyl Jasmonate Increases the Tropane Alkaloid Scopolamine and Reduces Natural Herbivory in Brugmansia suaveolens: Is Scopolamine Responsible for Plant Resistance?
Author: Arab, A
Alves, MN
Sartoratto, A
Ogasawara, DC
Trigo, JR
Abstract: The tropane alkaloid (TA) scopolamine is suggested to protect Brugmansia suaveolens (Solanaceae) against herbivorous insects. To test this prediction in a natural environment, scopolamine was induced by methyl jasmonate (MJ) in potted plants which were left 10 days in the field. MJ-treated plants increased their scopolamine concentration in leaves and herbivory decreased. These findings suggest a cause-effect relationship. However, experiments in laboratory showed that scopolamine affect differently the performance of the specialist larvae of the ithomiine butterfly Placidina euryanassa (C. Felder & R. Felder) and the generalist fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith): the specialist that sequester this TA from B. suaveolens leaves was not negatively affected, but the generalist was. Therefore, scopolamine probably acts only against insects that are not adapted to TAs. Other compounds that are MJ elicited may also play a role in plant resistance against herbivory by generalist and specialist insects, and deserve future investigations.
Subject: Chemical defense
induced resistance
Placidina euryanassa
specialists vs. generalists
Spodoptera frugiperda
Country: Brasil
Editor: Entomological Soc Brasil
Citation: Neotropical Entomology. Entomological Soc Brasil, v. 41, n. 1, n. 2, n. 8, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s13744-011-0001-0
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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