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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Chlorpromazine quantification in human plasma by UPLC-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Application to a comparative pharmacokinetic study
Author: Borges, NC
Rezende, VM
Santana, JM
Moreira, RP
Moreira, RF
Moreno, P
Borges, DC
Donato, JL
Moreno, RA
Abstract: In the present study a method to quantify chlorpromazine in human plasma using cyclobenzaprine as the internal standard (IS) is described. The analyte and the IS were extracted from human plasma by a liquid-liquid extraction with diethyl ether/dichloromethane (70/30, v/v) and analyzed by an ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled to an electrospray tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometer in positive mode (UPLC-ES(+)-MS/MS). Chromatography was performed isocratically on an Aquity UPLC BEH C18 1.7 mu m (50 mm x 2.1 mm i.d.) operating at 40 degrees C. The mobile phase was a mixture of 65% water + 1% formic acid and 35% of acetonitrile at a flow-rate of 0.5 mL/min. The lowest concentration quantified was 0.5 ng/mL and a linear calibration curve over the range 0.5-200 ng/mL was obtained, showing intra-assay precisions from 2.4 to 5.8%, and inter-assay precisions from 3.6 to 9.9%. The intra-assay accuracies ranged from 96.9 to 102.5%, while the inter-assay accuracies ranged from 94.1 to 100.3%. This analytical method was applied in a relative bioavailability study in order to compare a test chlorpromazine 100 mg simple dose formulation versus a reference in 57 volunteers of both sexes. The study was conducted in an open randomized two-period crossover design and with a fourteen days washout period. Plasma samples were obtained over a 144-h interval. Since the 90% CI for both C(max), AUC(last), and AUC(0-inf) were within the 80-125% interval proposed by the Food and Drug Administration and ANVISA, it was concluded that chlorpromazine 100 mg/dose was bioequivalent to the reference formulation, according to both the rate and extent of absorption. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Chlorpromazine
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Journal Of Chromatography B-analytical Technologies In The Biomedical And Life Sciences. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 879, n. 31, n. 3728, n. 3734, 2011.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2011.10.020
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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