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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Biochemical and enzymatic characterization of two basic Asp(49) phospholipase A(2) isoforms from Lachesis muta muta (Surucucu) venom
Author: Damico, DCS
Lilla, S
de Nucci, G
Ponce-Soto, LA
Winck, FV
Novello, JC
Marangoni, S
Abstract: Two basic phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) isoforms were isolated from Lachesis muta muta snake venom and partially characterized. The venom was fractionated by molecular exclusion chromatography in ammonium bicarbonate buffer followed by reverse-phase HPLC on a C-18 mu-Bondapack column and RP-HPLC on a C-8 column. From liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry, the molecular mass of the two isoforms LmTX-I and LmTX-II was respectively measured as 14,245.4 and 14,186.2 Da. The pI was respectively estimated to be 8.7 and 8.6 for LmTX-l and LmTX-II, as determined by two-dimensional electrophoresis. The two proteins were sequenced and differentiated from each other by a single amino acid substitution, Arg(65) (LmTX-I) -> Pro(65) (LmTX-II). The amino acid sequence showed a high degree of homology between PLA(2) isoforms from Lachesis muta muta and other PLA(2) snake venoms. LmTX-l and LmTX-II had PLA(2) activity in the presence of a synthetic substrate and showed a minimum sigmoidal behaviour; with maximal activity at pH 8.0 and 35-45 degrees C. Full PLA(2) activity required Ca2+ and was respectively inhibited by Cu2+ and Zn2+ in the presence and absence of Ca2+. Crotapotin from Crotalus durissus cascavella rattlesnake venom significantly inhibited (P < 0.05) the enzymatic activity of LmTX-I, suggesting that the binding site for crotapotin in this PLA(2) was similar to another in the basic PLA2 of the crotoxin complex from C. durissus cascavella venom. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: characterization
Lachesis muta muta
phospholipase A(2)
snake venom
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-general Subjects. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 1726, n. 1, n. 75, n. 86, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2005.05.022
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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